1. Name of the project: Development of water harvesting pond for augmentation of irrigation in Nagaland.
Introduction: Though the State of Nagaland receives sufficiently large quantum of rainfall during the monsoon/rainy season, the farmers except during the peak period is facing scarcity of water during the dry period and remains unemployed. This is due to lack in adoption of conservation technology particularly the rain water harvesting technology. Conservation and harnessing of rain water during the rainy season for use in the dry season will impart employment in the farmer’s field as they have water to irrigate their crops. The excess rain water that are drained to the rivers and streams as runoff can be reduced considerably thereby reduce numerous atrocities of runoff that cause erosion, sedimentation and flood downstream. Conservation of rain water can help in recharging the ground water apart from creating favourable soil moisture regime for plants growth and development thereby also maintain ecological balance. The use of harvested rain water can augment irrigation in production of off season crops and will help in doubling the farmer’s income apart from ensuring sustainability.
Thus, the Soil and Water Conservation Department, Govt. of Nagaland with an objective to help the farmers of the region to adapt most effective rain water harvesting technology by incurring them atleast 50% of financial assistance of their total investment, took up the noble project on Development of Water Harvesting Pond for Augmentation of Irrigation in Nagaland under NEC scheme on a pilot project basis covering Kohima and Phek district consisting of 13 and 15 villages, respectively replicating Kikruma Technology of WHP known as Zabo. The total outlay of the project was Rs.469.58 lakh with project duration of 3 years from 2015-16, 2016-17 & 2017-18
Financial sanction during 2017-2018 : Rs. 149.77 lakh.
Works taken up under the scheme:
Water harvesting pond (Type-I) : 82 units
b. Water harvesting pond (Type-II) : 119 units
c. Feeder channel : 201 Nos
d. Silt detention tank :201 nos
e. Open irrigation channel :201 nos
f. Afforestation(planting pits-2424 cum) : 202 ha
2. Name of the project: Watershed Management for Sustainable Agriculture Production and Improved Livelihood.
Introduction: The development of land and water resources cannot be considered independent of each other for sustainable natural resources management. Conservation and management of rainwater holds the key for sustainable agriculture. In a watershed, there are interactions between resource users, the resources themselves, and the institutions that govern their access, use and management. It is, therefore, impossible to envisage or implement sustainable solutions for development of land and water resources and their management without active and full participation of local community. Development of land and water together with sustainable production systems when confined to a small natural drainage unit such as watershed leads to sustainable development. Watershed management has, therefore, emerged as a new paradigm for planning, development and management of land, water and biomass resources with a focus on social and institutional aspects apart from bio-physical aspects following a participatory “bottom-up” approach. Considering the above facts, the Department of Soil and water conservation has prepared DPR on Watershed management for sustainable agriculture production and improved livelihood with an objective to provide holistic land treatment programme to ensure alternative, multi disciplinary, subsidiary, eco friendly and adaptable innovative technology to for sustainable agriculture production and improved livelihood. It also envisage attenuating jhum practices and prevent the environment from further degradation, create rural employment opportunities and awareness in the contiguous/ adjacent watersheds and neighboring villages.
Project sites: Upper Tizu, Lower Tizu, Mongmong and Patizung
Name of the districts & villages involved:
a. Zunheboto district: Satami & Khukishe
b. Mokokchung district:Tsuremmen & Merangkong
Outlay for annual plan 2017-2018: Rs. 298.89 lakh (Sanction awaited from NEC & State Govt.)
Works to be taken up under the scheme:
|Sl.no||Name of work||Quantity/Unit/Ha|
|2||Horticulture plantation||145 ha|
|3||Cash crop plantation||110 ha|
|4||Bench terracing||54 ha|
|5||Contour trenching||50 ha|
|6||Water harvesting pond||28 nos|
|7||Loose boulder check dam (UR)*||200 nos|
|8||Loose boulder check dam (MR)**||214 nos|
|9||Gabion sausage structure/Retaining wall(LR)***||50 nos|
NB: UR-upper reaches, MR-Middle reaches & LR-Lower reaches
3. Name of the project: Establishment of State Soil Testing Laboratory Buildings & Equipment at Kohima.
Introduction: Regular updation of the soil physico-chemical properties is a necessity so as to determine its capability and productivity. To realize this objective, soil testing laboratory is required to be constructed, strengthened and upgraded with the state of the art infrastructures. The laboratory also has to be equipped with more compatible equipment to analyze macro nutrients as well as micro nutrients so that the farmers and other stakeholders are provided with concrete and reliable information on soil health and its management by means of issuing soil health cards. In meeting the above, the production and productivity of the limited land resources is enhanced considerably per unit time with further intensification of agriculture.
Therefore, taking the above case into consideration, the department has prepared DPR on Establishment of State Soil Testing Laboratory Buildings & Equipment at Kohima with the project outlay of Rs. 371.70 lakh with project duration of 2 years i.e. 2017-18 & 2018-19, respectively.
Financial sanction during 2017-2018 : Rs. 111.11 lakh.
Works to be taken up under the scheme during 2017-18.
a. Building construction