SCHEMES UNDER STATE PLAN
- Soil Survey and Land Use Planning: The purpose of Soil Survey and Testing is to classify the land into various land capability classes so that the land can be placed to various uses such as agriculture, forestry, horticulture, agro-forestry and mixed land use system as per their capability. It involves multi-disciplinary and inter-related section viz. Soil Survey, Meteorology, Soil Testing, Cartography, Remote Sensing and Land Use Planning.
- Soil Survey (Soil Testing): The laboratory has also analyzed and issued soil testing report to several research scholars and farmers during 2020-21. Besides this the analysis of soil samples for generation of soil health cards are also under process. In line with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations “World Soil Day” 2020 under the theme Keep soil alive, protect soil biodiversity was commemorated in collaboration with the Soil Health Management Scheme at Hotel Japfu, Kohima.
- Meteorology: The meteorological data received by the Department from the 17 Meteorological observatories located at different altitudes of the state are being used not only by the land user departments but also by the media viz. Doordarshan and local news dailies. Meteorological report from 17 Meteorological Observatories is supplied on a daily basis to The OSD to Chief Secretary, Nagaland; The Agriculture Production Commissioner Nagaland; The Secretary, Nagaland State Disaster Management Authority (Home), Nagaland; The Director of Agriculture, Department of Agriculture, Nagaland; Regional Meteorological Centre, IMD, Guwahati, Assam. During 2020-21 Meteorological Data from various observatories were furnished to Research Scholars from different Institutes such as SASRD, Nagaland University, KVKs and also for various Project works meteorological data was supplied to Spices Board, Kohima; ICAR, Jharnapani & Private enterprises such as NIDHCL; Vilelie Khamo Construction Company; Trident enterprise etc. to name a few.
- Cartography: Cartography is the study and practice of making maps, combining science, aesthetics and technique. Cartography builds on the premise that reality can be modeled in ways that communicate spatial information effectively. Activities under section includes tracing of maps to delineate watersheds for various schemes/projects under the department.
- Nursery Development: A nursery is a place where plants are propagated and grown to a desired age. In a nursery, plants are nurtured by providing them with optimum growing conditions to ensure germination. Nursery saves considerable time for the raising of the next crop. Nursery may supply plants for garden, agriculture, forestry and conservation biology. Raising of seedlings in a nursery is important for various reasons. It is possible to grow and maintain a large number of plants per unit area. Small and expensive hybrid seeds can be raised more effectively due to better care and management. Management of insects-pests, diseases and weeds is easy in nursery
- Integrated Watershed Management Project (IWMP): Nagaland is blessed with varied landforms and heavy rainfall ranging from 1500mm to 2000 mm annually which is mostly confined to periods from May to September. This is a significant condition as the major land use system of the state is predominantly shifting cultivation (Jhum) with little or no conservation measure which is a challenging scenario from soil and water conservation perspective. Thus, Watershed approach of development in hilly topography is the appropriate way to optimize production per unit area. This ensures sustainable natural resources management in harmony with the environment for achieving desired production without degrading natural resources.
- Mechanized Land Development (MLD): The department is engaged in conservation efforts in both arable and non-arable lands throughout the state. Large scale land development is not achievable through manual labor which bring to fore the importance of mechanized land development. Mechanized land development also has a significant advantage over conventional method due to the fact that the top most fertile soil is conveniently kept aside and filled back over the excavated area, which enables crop production from the first cycle of cultivation. This cannot be true for manual land development. The department operates 2 nos. of Bulldozers and 2 nos. of JCBs for development activities in the project areas.
- Education & Research: Soil and Water Conservation Research, Demonstration & Training Centre is located at Sechu – Zubza, offering 2 (two) years training course to pre-service Soil Conservation Assistant (SCA). Soil and Water Conservation is an integral part of sustainable natural resources management and sustainable agriculture. The capacity building and human resources development in the field of Soil and Water Conservation technology is of paramount importance particularly for hilly region like Nagaland. During 2019-20, 21st Batch of Soil Conservation Assistants (SCAs) has been recruited for undergoing two 2 (two) years pre service training course. The institute also provides in- service refreshers course and farmers training on regular basis. In addition, some demonstration plots particularly on water conservation measures have been developed. Infrastructures available are administrative building, training hall, soil testing laboratory, library, computer room and hostels etc. Under the scheme of National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture, a fully-fledged state-of-the-art Soil Testing Labatory has been established in the training centre for soil testing and analysis.